we are living in a digital era whether it be booking a hotel room even booking a cab we are constantly using the Internet and inherently constantly generating data this data is generally stored on the cloud which is basically a huge data server or data center that you can access online also we use an array of devices to access this data, So I will tell you in this article why cybersecurity is important to protect this data.
Now for a hacker it’s a golden age with so many access points public IP addresses and constant traffic and tons of data to exploit black hat hackers are having one hell of a time exploiting vulnerabilities and creating malicious software for the same above that cyberdecks are evolving by the day hackers are becoming smarter and more creative with their malware and how they bypass virus scans and firewalls still baffle many people
let’s go through some of the most common types of cyber-attacks now so as you guys can see I’ve listed out eight cyberattacks that have plagued us
since the beginning of the Internet let’s go through them briefly so first on the list, we have general malware. Malware is an all-encompassing term for a variety of cyber threats including Trojans viruses and bombs malware is simply defined as code with malicious intent that typically steals data or destroys something on the computer.
Next on the list we are fishing often posing as a request for data from trusted third-party phishing attacks are sent via email and asked users to click on a link and enter the personal
Data fleshing emails have gotten much more sophisticated in recent years making it difficult for some people to discern a legitimate request for information from a false one phishing emails often fall into the same category as spam but are more harmful than just a simple ad next on the list
A password attack is exactly what it sounds like a third party trying to gain access to your system by cracking a user’s password next up is DDoS which stands for distributed denial of serviced or staff focuses on disrupting the service of a network attackers sent high volumes of data or traffic through the network that is making a lot of connection requests until the network becomes overloaded and can no longer function
Next up we have man-in-the-middle attacks by impersonating the endpoint in an online information exchange that is the connection from your smartphone to a website the MIT M attacks can obtain information from the end-users and entity he or she is communicating with for example if you’re banking online the man in the middle would communicate with you by impersonating your bank and communicate with the bank by impersonating you the man in the middle would then receive all the information transferred between both parties which could include sensitive data such as bank accounts and personal information
we have driven-by downloads through malware on a legitimate website program is downloaded to a user system just by visiting the site it doesn’t require any type of action by the user to download it actually
Next up we have malware advertising which is a way to compromise your computer with malicious code that is downloaded to your system when you click on an affected ad
lastly, we have rogue software’s which are basically malware that is masquerading as legitimate and necessary security software that will keep your system safes as you guys can see
Now the internet sure isn’t a safe place as you might think it is this not only applies for uses individuals but also large organizations there have been Multiple cyber breaches in the past that have compromised the privacy and confidentiality of data.
If we head over to the site called information as beautiful we can see all this majorly breaches that have been committed so as you guys can see even big companies like eBay AOL Evernote Adobe have actually gone through major cyber breaches even though they have a lot of security measures taken to protect the data that they contain.
so it’s not only that small individuals are targeted by hackers and other people but even bigger organizations are constantly being targeted by these guys so after looking at all sorts of cyber-attacks possible the breaches of the past and the sheer amount of data available.
we must be thinking that there must be some sort of mechanism and protocol to actually protect us from all these sorts of cyberattacks and indeed they’re in a way and this is called cybersecurity in a computing context security comprises of cybersecurity and physical Security both are used by enterprises to protect against unauthorized access to datacentres and other computerized systems information security which is designed to maintain the confidentiality integrity and availability of data in a subset of cybersecurity.
The use of cybersecurity can help prevent cyber-attacks data breaches identity theft and can aid in risk management so when an organization has a strong sense of network security and an effective incident response plan this better able to prevent and mitigate these attacks.
what exactly cybersecurity
when talking about cybersecurity there are three main activities that we are trying to protect ourselves against and they are unauthorized modification, unauthorized deletion, and unauthorized access these freedoms are very synonymous with the very commonly known CIA tried which stands for confidentiality integrity unavailability.
CIA triad is also commonly referred to as three pillars of security and most security policies of bigger organizations and even smaller companies are based on these three principles
So, let’s go through them one by one so first on the list we have confidentiality.
confidentiality is roughly equivalent to privacy measures undertaken to ensure confidentiality is designed to prevent sensitive information from reaching the wrong people while making sure that the right people can in fact get it access must be restricted to those authorized to view the data in question is as common as well.
for data to be categorized according to the amount and type of damage that could be done should it fall into unintended hands more or less stringent measures can then be implemented across to those categories. sometimes safeguarding data confidentiality may involve special training for those privies to such documents such as training would typically include security risks that could threaten this information training can help familiarize authorized people with risk factors and how to guard against them.
Further aspects of training can include strong password and password related best practices and information about social engineering methods to prevent them from bending data handling rules with good intentions and potentially disastrous results.
Next on the list, we have integrity, So integrity involves maintaining the consistency accuracy and trustworthiness of data over its entire lifecycle data must not be changed in transit and steps must be taken to ensure that data cannot be altered by unauthorized people.
For example, in a breach of confidentiality, these measures include file permissions and user access controls version control may be used to prevent erroneous changes or accidental deletion by authorized users becoming a problem. in addition, some means must be in place to detect any changes in data that might occur as a result of non-human caused events such as electromagnetic pulses or silver crash some data might include checksum seven cryptographic checksums for a verification of integrity back up or redundancies must be available to restores affected data to its correct state.
last but not least availability is best ensured by rigorous maintaining of hardware performing when needed and maintaining correctly functional operating system environment that is free of software conflicts it’s also important to keep current with all necessary system upgrades providing adequate communication bandwidth and preventing the occurrences of bottlenecks are equally important redundancy failover and even high availability clusters can mitigate serious consequences when Hardware issues do occur fast.
essential for the worst-case scenarios that capacity is reliant on the existence of a comprehensive disaster recovery plan safeguards against data loss or interruption in the connection must include unpredictable events such as natural disasters and file to prevent data loss from such occurrences a backup copy must be stored in a geographically isolated location.
perhaps even in a fireproof water safe place, extra security equipment or software such as firewall sand proxy servers can guard us against downtimes and unreachable data due to malicious actions such as a denial of service attacks and network intrusions.
so now that we have seen what we are actually trying to implement when trying to protect ourselves on the internet we should also know the ways that we actually protect ourselves when we are attacked
By cyber organizations, so the first step to actually mitigate any type of cyber-attack is to identify the malware or the cyber threat that is being currently going on in your organization next we have to actually analyze and evaluate all the affected parties and the file systems that have been compromised and in the end, we have to patch the whole treatment.so that our organization can come back to its original running state without any cyber breaches